Tag Archives: Photon

VMware Photon Platform 1.2 released

Yesterday VMware silently released a new version of its opensource cloud native platform. VMware Photon Platform 1.2 is available for download at github now. You can find the details of the new release in the release notes. Below are the highlights of the new release.

What’s new?

  • Photon Controller now supports ESXi 6.5 Patch 201701001. Support for ESXi 6.0 is dropped.
  • Photon platform now comes with Lightwave 1.2 which supports authenticating using windows sessions credentials. Given you’re using the CLI from a windows box.
  • The platform now supports Kubernetes 1.6 and also supports persistent volumes for Kubernetes
  • NSX-T support is improved
  • Resource tickets have been replaced with quotas which can be increased and decreased. This is a big improvement in my opinion. The previous release wouldn’t let you change resource allocation which was a definite blocker for production use.
  • The API is now versioned. Which means the API url now starts with /v1/

What’s broken?

  • Lightwave 1.2 is incompatible with earlier versions
  • ESXi 6.0 is no longer supported
  • The API is incompatible with previous API versions. But the good new is that it’s now versioned so this was the last time they broke the API (hopefully).

update 20-04-2017: Some updates taken from the github issues

  • HA Lightwave setup is no longer supported. Will be back in 1.2.1
  • version 1.1.1 didn’t create any flavours at installation but 1.2 seems to create duplicate flavours.

BOSH on VMware Photon Platform

I explained both BOSH and the Photon platform in previous posts. I never did a post on how to deploy BOSH on vSphere but this document does a very good job describing the process. The only thing I want to add to that is: Don’t use “@” in your passwords! Cost me a day or so to figure out what was going wrong. In this post I will detail how to run BOSH on VMware Photon platform.

Update 19-04-2017: This post was based on Photon platform 1.1.1. As of today the current version is Photon platform 1.2. The steps in this post may or may not work for version 1.2.

Prepare Photon Platform

  1. Install Photon platform. This blog post details how you to do that.
  2. Make sure you have the photon cli installed. Instructions here.
  3. I’m going to assume that you don’t have anything configured on the photon platform yet. If you have you’ll probably already know what to do. I’ll also ussume this is a lab where you have full access.
  4. Connect the photon cli to you photon platform.
  5.  Create a photon tenant and tell the cli to use it (press enter on any questions to use the default)
  6. Create a network. I’m going to assume you use the default portgroup named “VM Network”. If not please substitute your network name in the command below.
  7. Create a resource ticket for the bosh environment. I didn’t find a way to deploy to other projects than the one you deployed the bosh director to. So make sure you create a big enough ticket to also fit the workloads you’ll be deploying with BOSH.
  8. Create a project that consumes the resources.
  9. Add some flavor.  Flavors are types of resources on offer on the Photon platform. It’s like AWS instance types.

Deploy BOSH

Install BOSH cli tools

To be able to install BOSH you’ll need the bosh-init tool. This tool is like a mini BOSH which is able to deploy BOSH. So it’s kinda like BOSH deploys itself. I won’t explain how to install bosh-init, the cloud foundry docs on this are pretty good. Please follow instructions here.

To be able to interact with a BOSH director once it’s deployed you’ll need the BOSH cli itself. In this case you’ll even need it before the BOSH director is running because it’s used to build the Photon CPI release. Again, find the cloud foundry docs on how to install the bosh cli here.

Prepare the Photon CPI

BOSH is able to work with a lot of different cloud (IaaS) providers and platforms. I already mentioned vSphere. But BOSH is also able to use vCloud, AWS, Google and Openstack. The magic that makes this multi-cloud solution possible is the Cloud Provider Interface or CPI.

VMware has published a CPI for Photon. It’s not published on the BOSH website yet but you can find it on github.  To be able to use the CPI you’ll want to install it into a BOSH director. How? Using a BOSH release of course. The Photon CPI BOSH release is here. Since there is no ready build  Photon CPI release we’ll have to build our own. Don’t be scared, it’s not that hard (disclaimer: I’m using Ubuntu. commands on a Mac should be  similar, not sure about window though). Here we go:

  1. Make sure you have the git client installed on your OS
  2. Create a folder to contain the CPI release and your deployment yml. I used ~/my-bosh/photon.
  3. cd into the folder you created
  4. Clone the Photon CPI release git repo, cd into the created folder and create the release:
  5. There’ll be a dev_releases folder in the bosh-photon-cpi-release folder now. Copy the cpi tgz file to ~/my-bosh/photon

Create BOSH manifest

deployments in BOSH are described in so called manifests. These are files in YAML format containing a bunch of settings. Each type of deployment has it’s own manifest and so does the bosh deployment itself.

You can find an example manifest for bosh with the photon CPI in the photon CPI release git repo.  I’ll share my own manifest below so you ‘ll have a feel of what it should look like with all the values populated. If you used the yml from my blog post to deploy photon  then you can use the my bosh manifest with just two changes:

  1. change the network id on line 39. The command to get the id is
  2. Change the photon project id on line 114. The command to get the id is

save the manifest yml to ~/my-bosh/photon/bosh-photon.yml

Run bosh-init deploy

Now you can finally start the deployment. It’s very simple 🙂

And now we wait 🙂

Use BOSH

Now that we deployed BOSH we might want to try to use BOSH for something useful. One of the simplest examples of something useful is deploying a redis server. Here are the steps involved:

  1. On the Photon platform create another resource ticket and a new project consuming the ticket.
  2. Target the bosh cli to the fresh BOSH director and login (if you’re using my yml the password is ‘password’
  3. run bosh status to confirm you’re connected and BOSH is up and running. Screenshot from 2017-04-04 16-44-17
  4. Upload the ubuntu trusty stemcell
  5. Upload the redis release
  6. Create a cloud-config YAML for BOSH. Below is my yml.
    1. Replace the project id on line 17
    2. Configure you ip range in lines 37..41
    3. Replace the network id in line 42
  7. Load the cloud config into bosh
  8. Create the redis deployment yaml. Again, below is my version of it.
    1. Replace the director_uuid. Retrieve the uuid by running bosh status
    2. Store the manifest in ~/my-bosh/photon/redis.yml
  9. Tell the bosh cli to use this manifest
  10. Now deploy redis

After the deployment is finished you can list the deployments and the VMs it deployed but running these commands

The output should be similar to this: Screenshot from 2017-04-04 19-19-46

Pfew….. if you made it this far: Congrats! you’re on your way to being a cloud native :).